Utilizing PowerPoint Presentation to Promote Fall Prevention among Older Adults ARTICLE
Health Educator Volume 40, Number 1, ISSN 8756-5943
This study evaluated a PowerPoint home safety (PPHS) presentation in enhancing awareness, knowledge and behavior change among senior center attendees in southern Illinois. Twelve centers were utilized as data collection sites in a pretest-posttest control group design. Through stratified randomization, centers were placed into categories (high, medium, and low) based on counties' population size and income. Next, centers were randomly assigned to research groups, which consisted of six centers and fifty-two participants. Experimental group received pretest, PPHS presentation and posttest, while control group received pre and posttest. Expert panel reviewed instruments prior to data collection. In addition, pre-pilot and pilot studies were conducted to assess validity, reliability, and feasibility. Analyses of variance (ANOVA) were performed comparing mean differences between pre and posttests regarding knowledge, awareness and behavior. Findings revealed awareness and knowledge were significantly different among groups. Experimental group showed a greater mean difference (knowledge 1.37, awareness 0.74) than control group (knowledge 0.29, awareness 0.21). No significant difference was found among groups regarding behavior. PowerPoint presentations like PPHS can serve as a reminder of what changes need to be made at home, in addition to reinforcing existing awareness and knowledge for seniors. (Contains 3 tables.)
McCrary-Quarles, A.R. (2008). Utilizing PowerPoint Presentation to Promote Fall Prevention among Older Adults. Health Educator, 40(1), 46-52.