Validating an Emotional Presence Scale to Measure Online Learners’ Engagement PROCEEDINGS
Myunghee Kang, Suyeon Kim, Hyungshin Choi, Sunghee Park, Ewha Womans University, Korea (South)
World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Quebec City, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-63-1 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
Emotion is considered to be a crucial factor for students to engage in e-Learning. Research on emotional presence, however, is still in an early stage and no scale has yet been developed to measure emotional presence. Through a literature review on emotion and emotional presence, three theoretical constructs – feeling, expressing, and managing emotion - were identified. The scale was previously validated and modified through the preliminary study with 418 college students. This paper reports the re-validation process of the scale by administering it to 305 students. The result confirms the three constructs with different groupings of the measurement items.
Kang, M., Kim, S., Choi, H. & Park, S. (2007). Validating an Emotional Presence Scale to Measure Online Learners’ Engagement. In T. Bastiaens & S. Carliner (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (pp. 6079-6082). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
© 2007 AACE