Validating an Emotional Presence Scale to Measure Online Learners’ Engagement
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World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (ELEARN) 2007
Quebec City, Canada
October 15, 2007
Theo Bastiaens & Saul Carliner
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Table of Contents
Emotion is considered to be a crucial factor for students to engage in e-Learning. Research on emotional presence, however, is still in an early stage and no scale has yet been developed to measure emotional presence. Through a literature review on emotion and emotional presence, three theoretical constructs – feeling, expressing, and managing emotion - were identified. The scale was previously validated and modified through the preliminary study with 418 college students. This paper reports the re-validation process of the scale by administering it to 305 students. The result confirms the three constructs with different groupings of the measurement items.
Kang, M., Kim, S., Choi, H. & Park, S. (2007). Validating an Emotional Presence Scale to Measure Online Learners’ Engagement. In T. Bastiaens & S. Carliner (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (pp. 6079-6082). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.editlib.org/p/26758.
- Developing Emotional Presence Scale for Measuring Students' Involvement during e-Learning process
- The Effect of Positive Emotions on Multimedia Learning
- An Investigation on Individual Students’ Perceptions of Interest Utilizing a Blended Learning Approach
- Online Learning and Quality Assurance
- Does Using Mobile Device Applications Lead to Learning?
- Performance and Behavioral Outcomes in Technology-Supported Learning: The Role of Interactive Multimedia
- Media, representations and distributed online learning
- The Ideal Multimedia-Enabled Classroom: Perspectives from Psychology, Education, and Information Science
- Modeling students' sense of community in online learning environments
- Understanding E-dropout?
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